On Thursday, February 9, 2017, Violeta Obrenovic, PhD – art historian with the PUC „Funeral Services “, gave a lecture entitled „Following the trail of significant Serbian women buried at the New Cemetery of Belgrade”, at the invitation of the Tourist Guides Association of Serbia.
The lecture comprised a chronicle regarding the status of women in Serbia from the beginning of 19th century, depicting the manner in which the educated, free-spirited women struggled to overcome the limitations imposed by the society and the period they lived in.
Fig 2: The Crypt of Katarina Konsantinović and her husband Mihajlo Bogićević at the New Cemetery of Belgrade.
Anka Konstantinović, was a daughter of Jeverem Obrenović (brother of the Serbian Prince Miloš Obrenović) and one of the most educated women of her time. Her daughter Katarina Konstantinović, was a great beauty of tragic fate. Katarina Ivanović was a paintress and the first female member of the Serbian Learned Society (predecessor of the Academy of Arts and Sciences). Katarina Milovuk was the first Headmistress of the Higher School for Women, women rights activist, including the female right to vote and acquire education.
Fig 3 – On the left: Katarina Ivanović (self- portrait), the grave of Katarina Ivanović at the New Cemetery of Belgrade.
In addition to the outstanding WWI heroine Milunka Savić who join the Serbian Аrmy posing as a male, two more significant women who participated in the WWI as soldiers are buried at the New Cemetery of Belgrade: Sofija Jovanović, a member of Duke Voja Tankosić guerrilla units (Comitas), who participated in the First and Second Balkan Wars and was decorated 13 times. Natalija Bjelajac (Slovenian by origin, born as Antonija Javornik) was a sergeant in the Serbian Army and voluntary nurse, in addition to being a participant in the Battle of Cer. She was decorated 12 times.
Fig 4 – On the left: Sofija Jovanović, heroine and soldier, buried at the New Cemetery of Belgrade. On the right: Natalija Bjelajac heroine and soldier, buried at the New Cemetery of Belgrade.
Milica Tomić was a daughter of Svezozar Miletić, a politician and human rights activist engaged in protecting the rights of the Serbs in Vojvodina. She was the editor of the „Woman” magazine and female rights activist. Draga Ljočić was the first female educated physician in Serbia, philanthropist and women rights activist. She participated as a physician in Serbian – Turkish and Balkan Wars. Nadežda Petrovic was a paintress and voluntary nurse in the course of WWI, one of the founders of the humanitarian organization “Circle of Serbian Sisters”. Delfa Ivanić was a benefactress and one of the founders of the humanitarian organization “Circle of Serbian Sisters”.
Fig 5 – On the left: Milica Tomić, editor of the first women’s magazine and female rights activist. On the right: Cover of the “Woman” magazine.
Fig 6 – On the right: Nadežda Petrović, paintrеss and voluntary nurse in the course of WWI. On the right: Crypt of Nadežda Petrović at the New Cemetery of Belgrade.
Milica Jakovljević Mir-Jam was an author and journalist, free-spirited women, who through her literary and artistic work tried to teach the young people how to cope with the challenges of the modern living. Ksenija Anastasijević was a philosopher, the first female assistant professor at the Belgrade University and the first woman who had acquired PhD title at the Belgrade University in 1922 (philosophy with classical languages), a victim of misunderstanding and envy of her male colleagues.
Fig 7 – Maga Magazinović – philosopher, choreographer, dancer
Fig 8 – Delfa Ivanić, benefactress and founder of the humanitarian organization “Circle of Serbian Sisters”. On the right: Crypt of Delfa Ivanić at the New Cemetery of Belgrade.
Beta Vukanović was a paintress and voluntary nurse in the course of the Balkan Wars and WWI. Anica Savić-Rebac was an author, philosopher and translator. Maga Magazinović was a philosopher, choreographer, dancer, journalist, social and cultural activists, teacher and translator. Liza (Marić) Križanić – was a paintress and an inspiration to the artists.
Fig 9: Liza (Marić) Križanić – paintress and an inspiration to the artists.