The Paris climate agreement is an international treaty that aims to combat climate change by limiting global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It was adopted on December 12, 2015, at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris, France.
The Paris agreement is based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities, meaning that all countries have a responsibility to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but developed countries are expected to take the lead and provide support to developing countries to help them transition to a low-carbon economy.
The agreement sets out a long-term goal of reaching a net-zero emissions economy by the second half of the century. To achieve this, countries are expected to regularly set and report on their emissions reduction targets, known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs). These targets should be ambitious, transparent, and progressive over time.
The Paris agreement also recognizes the importance of adaptation to the impacts of climate change, particularly for vulnerable countries and communities. It establishes a global goal to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience, and reduce vulnerability to climate change.
The agreement also includes provisions for financing, technology transfer, and capacity building to support developing countries in their efforts to address climate change. Developed countries are expected to provide financial resources to developing countries to help them transition to a low-carbon economy and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The Paris agreement entered into force on November 4, 2016, after it was ratified by at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions. As of May 2021, 191 countries and the European Union have joined the agreement, covering over 90% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
The United States, the world`s second-largest emitter, withdrew from the Paris agreement under the Trump administration in 2017. However, President Joe Biden signed an executive order to rejoin the agreement on his first day in office, and the US officially rejoined on February 19, 2021.
In conclusion, the Paris climate agreement is a vital international treaty that aims to combat climate change by limiting global warming and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It recognizes the importance of a global effort to address climate change, with each country expected to do their part, and developed countries providing support to developing countries. The Paris agreement is a significant milestone in the fight against climate change, and it is crucial that all countries work together to achieve its goals.
Ова објава је расположива и на: српски (lat)